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 Every two minutes, a person dies of oral cancer. Oral cancer is the 10th most prevalent type of cancer in males. It ranks 15th amongst the most widespread types of cancer found in people, and there are reportedly more than half a million new cases of oral cancer each year. Oral cancer has a mortality rate of over 60%. This factor by itself places oral cancer amid the most deadly diseases known to humankind. 

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is reported to be responsible for more than 70% of cases that caused oral cancer. Usage of Tobacco products like cigarettes, cigars, pipes, snuff and chewing tobacco are also among the roots of mouth cancer. So is extensive use of alcohol. Excessive sun exposure has also been reported to result in causing oral cancer. Apart from all the factors mentioned above, a weak immune system can also lead to developing mouth cancer. Oral hygiene is a crucial factor in the prevention of oral cancer. Oral health is very vital if not for cosmetic reasons but health-related reasons. 

Oral cancer in the mouth, lip and tongue

Bad oral hygiene has been noted to be among the worst reason for causing oral cancer of the mouth, lip and tongue. The Global Burden of Disease study 2016 estimated that oral diseases affected half the world population, i.e. 3.58 billion people with dental caries in permanent teeth being the most prevalent condition assessed. Severe gum disease, which may result in tooth loss, was estimated to be the 11th most prevalent disease globally. People ages 45 and up have an increased risk for oral cancer. Although oral cancer can develop in people of any age, people with poor oral hygiene or dental care may have a higher risk of oral cavity cancer.

Oral cancer encompasses various types namely,

  • Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)

Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most recurrent form of skin cancer. Squamous cell carcinomas comprise more than 90% of cancers that occur in the oral cavity. It's usually found on areas damaged by UV rays from the sun or tanning beds. SCC is relatively slow-growing skin cancer.

  • Benign oral cavity tumours

The benign oral cavity can result in substantial loss of soft tissue or bone tumours and are not life-threatening. A large number of patients are subject to the threat of recurrence, multiple surgical procedures, and the possibility of malignant degeneration.

  • Minor salivary gland carcinomas

 This condition includes several types of oral cancer that may originate on the minor salivary glands, which are located throughout the lining of the mouth and throat. These include adenoid cystic carcinoma, mucoepidermoid carcinoma and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma.

  • Verrucous carcinoma

 Verrucous carcinoma is a very slow-growing cancer made up of squamous cells. Verrucous carcinoma comprises about 5% of all oral cavity tumours. This type of oral cancer may invade nearby tissue, but it rarely spreads to other parts of the body.

  • Lymphoma

Lymphocytes are infection-fighting cells of the immune system. When cancer begins within these cells, it is called Lymphoma. Lymphocytes grow unruly when you hold Lymphoma. In 2018 Hodgkin lymphoma had 79,990 new cases and caused 26,167 deaths worldwide.

Earlier symptoms of oral cancer consist of,

  1. Unhealable and persistent mouth sores.
  2. Strain in swallowing or chewing.
  3. Thickening in the cheek or lump formation in the mouth.
  4. Voice changes.
  5. Difficulty operating the jaw or tongue.
  6. An issue in gulping or chewing food.
  7. Tongue numbness or another region of the mouth
  8. Loose teeth
  9. Red or white patches on the gums, tongue, tonsil, or lining of the mouth

To know more and to book an appointment with Shubhdin Dental, visit http://www.shubhdindentalclinic.com/.